2018 - Social inequality, immigration and cancer

In the 2018 edition of Cancer in Norway 2018, a special edition on social inequality, immigration and cancer will also be published. The purpose of this is to provide an overview of cancer incidence by country background, income, education and place of residence.

Last updated: 22/10/2019

The main message of the report

Cancer among immigrants

  • Men from Western countries have the same cancer risk as the Norwegian-born for all cancers except rectal cancer and melanoma of the skin, where they had a lower risk.
  • Men from non-Western countries had a lower risk of cancer overall, and of several cancers. 
  • Women from Western countries have a lower risk of colon, pancreatic and lung cancer, and a higher risk of cancer of the esophagus, breast and thyroid gland.
  • Women from non-Western countries have a lower risk of all cancers overall, as well as of several cancers. 


  • Education and income have an impact on cancer risk among men.
  • Education, but to a small extent income, has an impact on cancer risk among women.
  • Low education is associated with a higher risk of cancer of the lung, cervix, esophagus, liver, kidney, stomach, mouth and throat, bladder and urinary tract, rectum,
  • pancreas, colon (women only), gallbladder (women only),  thyroid gland (women only).
  •  High education is associated with a higher risk of melanoma of the skin, cancers of the breast, testis and prostate.

Cancer in Oslo

  • For all types of cancer combined, Grorud has the highest incidence for men, and Bjerke and St. Hanshaugen have the highest incidence for women.
  • The districts with the lowest incidence of cancer for all types of cancer combined are Nordre Aker for men and Søndre Nordstrand for women.

Read more about the different topics in the Special issue here: 

Social inequality and cancer (Norwegian only)

Immigrants and cancer (Norwegian only)

Cancer in Oslo (Norwegian only)